Advanced forms of nail fungus and stop treated much harder and longer. At this stage, the disease requires perseverance and considerable investment from the patient and continuously monitoring the patient's condition from the dermatologist.
Fungal infections are the most common diseases. According to statistics, every fourth inhabitant of the earth faces this problem. Very often there are fungal infections of nails on hands and feet (onikhomikozy).
The danger of the disease is that many people do not take nail fungus seriously and not in a hurry to address to the doctor. As a result, the disease progresses and can lead to unpleasant consequences: complete loss of the nail and the overall decline in immunity due to poisoning the body with toxic substances produced by fungi in the process of life.
From contamination no one is immune, as the causative agents of fungal infections are everywhere, and able long to persist in the environment even under the most adverse conditions. There are many types of fungal microflora in humans do not produce immunity to them and even after treatment high risk of re-infection.
Pathogens of fungus resistant to many drugs, so the treatment of onychomycosis is difficult and a long process that requires a comprehensive approach. In the scheme of treatment of advanced forms of nail fungus include external products (ointments, solutions, lotions, sprays, lacquers) and antimycotic drugs in tablets, used methods of physical therapy, folk remedies and other alternative techniques. The only way to cope with the infection and to achieve full recovery.
The main reason for the lack of timely treatment is the complacency of patients and reluctance to seek medical attention. At the initial stage the nail fungus goes unnoticed, and most patients (especially men) do not pay attention to the color change of the nail plate and other related symptoms. Meanwhile, the infection is dormant, fungal microflora quickly breeds, toxins enter the bloodstream, spread throughout the body and relieve health.
Over time, changes in the structure of nails, they become brittle, start to flake and crumble, deform and thicken. The skin around the nail becomes inflamed, scaly, red, painful sensations appear, burning and itching. From the feet begins to assume an unpleasant odor and a person realizes that not only faced with a cosmetic problem but a serious disease that requires appropriate treatment.
At this stage, to deal with the fungus much more difficult than in the early stages of the disease. Treatment will be long and difficult, and not always it ends in complete recovery. However, to tackle the problem is necessary, otherwise further progression of onychomycosis will lead to dire consequences.
Usually, the causative agents of onychomycosis are yeast, fungi or dermatophytes. In addition, the disease may cause a combination of several types of fungi with bacteria of different types. How is the infection?
Infected with fungus in the family if one of its representatives sick of onychomycosis. In this case, the infection is transmitted during contact or when sharing towels, bed linens and other household items.
Swimming pool, baths, saunas, a water Park, gym and other public places with warm and humid climate and a large crowd of people is a heightened danger so as in such places the conditions are favorable for reproduction of the fungus. Fungal spores, which remain on the surface of the handrails, benches, the floor, so to get infected, this is the easiest.
Wearing tight and uncomfortable shoes made of synthetic materials also contribute to cross contamination. These shoes are not breathable and contributes to increased sweating, resulting inside creates a moist environment in which fungi multiply rapidly and easily penetrate into the tissue through abrasions, cracks and calluses on the surface of the foot.
Infectious agents can wait everywhere: on the handrail of public transport, door handles, during the fitting of shoes in the store or in the salon.
Therefore, it is important to observe basic rules of personal hygiene and use prophylactic to prevent infection.
The infection has taken root in the body, needs favorable conditions. These include: reduced immunity, chronic diseases, stress, occupational hazards, unhealthy lifestyle. The combination of these factors weakens the body and makes it particularly vulnerable to fungal infection.
The implications of advanced forms of onychomycosis
Advanced forms of nail fungus and toes may lead to the following complications:
Running a form of fungal infection is dangerous because the toxins from pathogenic micro-flora, negatively affect the functioning of vital systems of the body. onychomycosis is a danger not only for the patient but for his family members and surrounding people, because the fungus is contagious and is easily transmitted from a sick person. It is therefore important time to begin treatment and take preventive measures that prevent the spread of the disease.
Advanced forms of nail fungus are accompanied by characteristic symptoms inherent in that particular species of fungus. The defeat of the nail plate often causes the dermatophytes, the fungi.
Dermatophytes. This kind of nail fungus is the most common, the infection occurs in the use of common household items and contact with an infected person. The fungus most often first affects the skin of the foot, and then moves onto the nails. On the nail plate appear spots and transverse stripes, it turns yellow, delaminate, become brittle and porous. Over time the nail thickens, becomes deformed and begins to crumble.
Yeast fungi. The first signs of the fungus infection are redness and inflammation of the nail shaft, which are accompanied by painful sensations. Most often this type of fungal infection occurs in people with weakened immune systems and affects the nail plate on the hands. At the initial stage of the disease nail changes color, becoming yellowish. As the progression of the infection the nail plate may become brown, brown or even black. The nail becomes thinner, it becomes wavy, easily crumbles and breaks off. Over time, it falls short of the nail bed and further the transition of the disease to a running stage may be accompanied by a complete loss of the affected nail.
Mold fungi. Getting infected by this type of fungus in places with high humidity. Favorable conditions for the development of mold fungi are eating disorders the nail plate caused by certain illnesses or injuries. With the development of infection destruction of the nail occurs both inside and outside. At the same time on the wafer surface spots appear, resembling a mold, and the nail becomes yellow, green or black. Its structure is changing, becoming porous, brittle, the nail thickens and crumbles, it appear painful cracks.
Advanced forms of nail fungus lead to severe itching, inflammation, peeling skin between the toes, and odor. At this stage, treatment of advanced forms of nail fungus should be comprehensive. The treatment regimen is chosen by the doctor individually and includes antifungal drugs in tablets and external products (ointments, creams, sprays, solutions). Additionally, the specialist may prescribe ozone therapy, laser treatment, or to send to a hardware nail treatment.
Complex therapy of fungal infection is based on the application of the following areas:
Laser therapy. Treatment of advanced forms of fungus with laser is a modern procedure that is considered the most effective and safe. The laser beam instantly destroys germs and spores of fungi and treats the affected area so thoroughly that recovery is enough 3-4 procedures that are conducted with an interval of one month. No drug to date can compare with the laser on the degree of efficiency and speed of achieving the desired result.
During the procedure, the laser beam progressively heats the nail plate, radiating waves in short-pulse range. The heating is done to a temperature of 47°, this value ensures the death of dermatophytes and other pathogenic fungi.
Laser therapy cannot be used in the presence of infectious and skin diseases, diabetes, cancer, during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Another disadvantage of the procedure is high cost, so this treatment is not available to every patient.
The ozone therapy. The procedure involves microinjections around the nail plate preparation with the ozone mixture. Such microinjection finish up the inflammatory process, inhibit the reproduction of the fungus and increase immunity. For the treatment of advanced forms usually prescribed 10 sessions of ozone therapy.
Hardware procedure. During hardware processing of the affected nail to remove the top contaminated layer using an Electromechanical device, equipped with special nozzles. The course of treatment depends on the extent of damage of nails and consists of 3-10 sessions.
With extensive lesions of the nail plate in some cases will only mechanical removal of the nail. This is the most radical method of treatment and it is used with the ineffectiveness of other therapies.
The operation is performed under General or local anesthesia. Removal of the nail plate — the most painful option, it requires a lengthy recovery and is fraught with several complications. Thus, during the intervention affects the nail bed, which further leads to the fact that a healthy nail begins to grow incorrectly.
Besides, surgery does not guarantee the absence of recurrence of the disease. Currently this method is rarely used, specialists try to cope with the infection more gentle ways.
When the advanced form of nail fungus traditional methods and means used only as a Supplement to the basic treatment and agree on their use with your doctor. Here are the most popular folk recipes: