How does the nail fungus at an early stage and how to treat it?

Onychomycosis or nail fungus is one of the most common and insidious disease that must be treated, not to provoke complications. This disease affects the nail plate on the hands or feet, and then the nearest patch of skin. The affected area is unsightly and perceived as a serious aesthetic problem that can cause many complexes. In addition, the disease progresses, the body will suffer from the toxins that the fungal microflora secretes in the course of their life. It is therefore necessary to learn how to identify nail fungus at an early stage.

The nail fungus at the initial stage the source of infection

Nail fungus in the initial stages has practically asymptomatic, this is his main danger. Fungal spores are always present in the environment, they are able to survive on the soil surface even at sub-zero temperatures. But especially favorable warm and humid microclimate in which they multiply at an incredible rate.

Such an environment is created in many public places with lots of people (sauna, steam bath, swimming pool, Park, gym). And if there is a person infected with fungus on the surrounding surfaces (lattice shower, shoes, etc.). are microscopic flakes of skin affected by the fungus. In the result of fungal spores quickly find a new host.

Tract infection a fungal infection a lot. Danger lurks everywhere, because all that is necessary for propagation of the fungus is microscopic flakes of skin and nail that is distributing a person with onychomycosis. It is enough just to walk barefoot, to wear other people's Slippers, to use a common towel or just hold the handrail on public transport.

The infection is most likely embedded in the body in if its defenses weakened, and the skin injuries (abrasions, cracks, blisters). Lovers of bath procedures you should know that the greatest danger of the wooden benches, floors and other household things from this natural material. The fact that wood has a porous structure and even thorough disinfection is not able to completely remove it from the mycelium of the fungus.

deformation of the nail

The reasons leading to infection

That the fungus could penetrate into the body and begin their destructive activities, but needs some conditions. It is known that fungal infection affects more elderly people and patients with reduced immunity. In addition, to contribute to infection following predisposing factors:

  • Violation of rules of personal hygiene.
  • Skin lesions (abrasions, scrapes, scratches), through which the spores can easily penetrate into the body.
  • Continuous contact with water or chemicals and detergents, causing the skin on the fingers becomes dry and easily damaged.
  • Wearing synthetic and tight uncomfortable shoes made of synthetic materials. Such clothes and shoes are not allow the skin to breathe, causes excessive sweating and creating a warm and moist environment favorable for propagation of fungi.
  • Disorders in the endocrine and immune systems;
  • Chronic diseases (diabetes, obesity, metabolic disorders, pathology of the digestive tract, venous insufficiency).
  • Taking certain medicines (antibiotics, hormonal agents and cytotoxic drugs).
  • Professional factor. Fungal infections often affect the representatives of professions related to customer service (hairdressers, massage therapists, cashiers, employees of the baths and saunas).
  • Climatic features of the area. Those at greatest risk are residents of areas with a hot climate and high humidity, as it is perfect conditions for reproduction of pathogens.
  • Age factor. Most often fungal nail is diagnosed in people of advanced age and this is due to the fact that with age, slowing the growth of the nail plate and deteriorating its supply of nutrients.

Numerous studies and inexorable statistics show that every lived 10 years of life increase the risk of Contracting the fungal infection in 2 times.

The mechanism of infection

Once the fungus spores penetrate the skin through the affected area begins the development of infection. After contact with spores of the fungus into the skin passes a certain incubation period, which lasts very long. This time is necessary for the fungus to start multiplying. The fungus is introduced where there is a breeding ground under the plate of the nail and on the skin of the feet. Today there are about 50 varieties of fungus, can lead to the defeat of the nail plate, but the main share still accounts for the group dermatomycetes.

The pathological process of onychomycosis localized not on the nail, and under his plate, in the bed of the nail. As the penetration of the fungus into tissues develops hyperkeratosis, which contributes to separation of the nail plate and its slow destruction.

In order to determine the onset of the disease, you need to know, how does the initial stage of nail fungus. Because without correct and effective treatment of onychomycosis, the disease will always progress and can accompany the person throughout life.

The symptoms of the initial stages of onychomycosis

Nail fungus is caused by fungi parasites, which begins to destroy healthy tissue in just a few days after infection. Fix a nasty situation, if only to take timely measures. Otherwise it will be a gradual destruction and separation of the nail plate, which can lead to complete loss of the nail and other unpleasant complications.

As a result of disease on the affected nail will be a lot of that can be seen on the photos the initial stage of nail fungus. It thickens, changes color and shape over time, it will be impossible to cut with conventional nail scissors.

Depending on the type of fungus symptoms may be different, but there are some signs which are common to all varieties:

  • clouding of the nail plate, itching in the affected area – such feelings especially impede implementation of routine Affairs;
  • between the fingers of the hands and feet redness and irritation of the skin;
  • clouding of the nail plate, disappearance of a healthy glow;
  • between nail bed and a gap;
  • change the color of the nail, which is of pale pink on a yellowish-grey, brown and even black shade;
  • the appearance of cracks on the skin of the fingers or toes;
  • exfoliation of the nail plate;
  • brittle nails, which then begins to crumble and collapse;
  • the unpleasant smell.

Especially fast initial stage will take place in the case if the person prefers to wear tight and uncomfortable shoes made of hard synthetic material is not breathable and prevents ventilation. This contributes to excessive sweating and creating a warm and moist environment favorable for the development of the fungus.

Most often, nail fungus affects the feet, although sometimes it can be seen on the hands. First, in the structure of the nail is formed of several yellowish cavities, which look like spots and stains. Then the nail plate on the hands becomes thicker and darkens. A sick person says that it becomes difficult to trim the nails with regular nail scissors, and process them using a nail file or special forceps.

Treatment of nail fungus at the initial stage on the feet and hands

No need to attempt to cure the nail fungus. Since there are several types of fungus and not all drugs are equally effective, can be independently purchased at the pharmacy, the drug will be useless. Therefore, it should be remembered that at any stage of the disease without medical intervention of professionals can not do.

nail fungus

After having defined the initial stage of nail fungus on the feet or hands, you need to immediately start treatment. The optimal scheme of treatment and necessary drugs dermatologist on the basis of the test results.

There are 2 ways to treat nail fungus:

  1. antifungal topical application;
  2. medicines for oral administration.

Modern topical antifungal medicines well help in the treatment of the disease, they are used for external treatment of the affected nails.

Treatment of nail fungus at the initial stage folk ways

For the best effect, in addition to the main course of treatment prescribed by the attending physician, you can use folk remedies.

Well proven cleaning the nail plate with iodine. It is necessary 2 times a day, apply iodine to the nail and the skin around it that will allow you to kill the active spores of the fungus and disinfect the affected area. Since iodine is drying the nails after a week of course need to take a break for a few days.

Garlic has powerful disinfectant properties and quickly destroys microorganisms, so it is often used for the treatment of onychomycosis. You need to take a clove of garlic, peel it and grate. The resulting slurry should be applied on the affected area and apply a bandage. Leave the mixture overnight and in the morning to remove. To perform the procedure until her condition improved.

Juice chistotela will also help remove fungus from the nails. You need to take a stalk of a plant and break it. On the spot scrapping allocated thick yellow milky juice. Fresh juice is smeared on the affected areas of the nails. But before applying this method, you must test yourself for allergies, to avoid negative consequences.

The onion will help to cope with a fungus such as yeast. You need to peel the onion from the husk, grate it on a grater and the resulting mass is mixed with a spoon of honey. Enough to hold this mixture on the nail plate only a few hours a day and in a few days will already be a noticeable improvement.

To ease the nail disease to help bath with the addition of soda. For solution preparation it is necessary to take 1 tbsp. spoon of soda in 2.5 l of water and add liquid soap. To take bath is necessary every day for 15 minutes.

Folk remedies for the treatment of nail fungus are effective enough, but it is better to combine with medication prescribed by your doctor. This combination therapy will allow to cope with the infection in a short time, to restore nails healthy appearance and restore their structure.

Treatment of onychomycosis is considered complete in the case when the affected mikoz nail plate is completely replaced by healthy. It's a long process, however, the therapy needs to be passed to the end, you cannot interrupt it. To confirm the absence of fungal microflora have laboratory tests that make twice two weeks after the end of treatment and after a month.

Only if the results of the tests both times to be negative, we can assume that there was complete recovery. But in this case, can not be complacent, to prevent possible recurrence of the disease and to exclude re-infection, it is necessary to strictly observe the rules of hygiene and the use of antifungal agents (varnishes, creams, ointments) as a preventive measure.

If folk remedies can not help in the treatment of fungus at the initial stage, you can use the drugs on a natural basis.


The main methods of prevention of nail fungus on hands are:

  • personal hygiene. Hands should be washed thoroughly after the trip to public transport, shopping and t.. d;
  • the use of trays for hands – will improve the local immunity;
  • drawing on the skin prevention cream antifungal effect;
  • to perform a nail not more than 1 time in 6 months;
  • use only personal tools for manicure.
the problem-fungus

In order to avoid the appearance of nail fungus on the feet, it is necessary to perform the following steps:

  • wear only dry shoes;
  • use socks made of natural materials that provide good air and heat;
  • in public areas – pool, sauna, SPA and t.. d. use only his shoes;
  • do not use other people's sets for a pedicure.

It is not necessary to paint the affected nails colored lacquer, as this will further damage and slow recovery.

Effective and properly chosen treatment regimen that is not all. Thoroughly disinfect all surfaces with which contact sick – bed linen, clothes, shoes, floor, etc. People who had onychomycosis, will be more susceptible to this disease.

Because the nail fungus at the initial stage is very contagious, you need to carefully observe all rules of personal hygiene. This will help to prevent transmission and protect against intrusion of other people. Particular care should be taken to hygiene in that case, if the family has small children and elderly relatives.

The fulfillment of all medical prescriptions will allow you to quickly and effectively cure the initial stage of nail fungus and prevent its transition into the running phase.