Fungus of the toenails than treat at home

fungus of the toenails how to treat

Beautiful and well-groomed feet are the pride of many women, and how frustrating if you see yellowing nails, cracked feet and skin peeling. The whole picture before marred by severe itching between the toes. When you see these symptoms are likely to assume a fungal infection.

Absolutely all fungal diseases have an infectious origin, that is, they provoke the development of pathogens. Favourite places of localization of the pathogenic fungi are skin and nails.

Ways of infection with a fungus

The infection is a fungal infection occurs through contact with a sick person or carrier, and failure to observe rules of personal hygiene. Most often, the infection fungal infection occurs through household items or other people's shoes.

High probability of Contracting a fungal infection in public places, sports clubs, pools, baths, saunas, and that is, in places with high humidity and temperature.

The symptoms of nail fungus on feet

Nail fungus is very difficult not to notice. Clinically, the mycosis is manifested thus:

  • Change the color of the nail plate (the nail becomes yellow, brown, black, gray, greenish);
  • Brittle nails (the nail plate begins to exfoliate, crumble);
  • Itchy fingers mainly around the affected nail;
  • In the affected areas of the skin and nail plate there is pain.

In the absence of timely treatment and progression of fungal infection is observed seal the nail plate, cornification of the nail and its deformation. Such changes significantly reduce the effectiveness of treatment, leading to chronicity of the fungal infection.

Nail fungus, usually found in adults and the elderly. Mycosis in children are rare.

Predisposing factors to infection by the fungus are the following States:

  • The decrease in the protective forces of the organism;
  • Age-related changes of the nail plate;
  • The change in the pH of the skin and nail plate;
  • Chronic diseases of internal organs;
  • Disruption of the endocrine system;
  • Diseases of the digestive system.
The symptoms of nail fungus on feet

Complications

In the absence of adequate treatment nail fungus for some time completely destroys the nail plate and periungual roller. In some people this process takes years, and some complications arise after a few months from the moment of infection. It depends on the condition of the human immune system. In the propagation of fungal infection on the skin in humans, symptoms of allergies, and observed exacerbation of chronic diseases of the body. Nail fungus in HIV-infected people may lead to death!

Diagnostic methods of fungal infections

Usually, diagnosis of fungal infection does not cause difficulties for experts. For diagnosis enough visual inspection of the nail plate and characteristic complaints of the patient. For identification of the pathogen, the doctor will do a scraping from the affected area of skin and sends the material to the laboratory for microscopic examination.

How to treat fungus of the toenails?

Upon detection of symptoms of athlete's foot as soon as possible to seek medical help. Do not self-medicate, as this leads to complications in the form of internal organ and skin.

After a thorough examination of the patient and identify the species of the pathogen, the doctor will prescribe treatment. Usually, the most common means of treating mycosis are:

  • Medical nail Polish is a special formulation in the form of nail Polish that has antifungal effect. This treatment is suitable only for patients with mild clinical manifestations, if the disease is at an early stage of development. It is recommended to lubricate the affected nail plate, 1 time per day during the week. With daily use of varnish with antifungal effect after a few months you can completely get rid of athlete's foot.
  • Antihypertensive creams and ointments - lubrication of the affected skin and the nail plate allows to eliminate the unpleasant symptoms of the disease, itching, peeling, swelling. Apply the ointment only on clean, dry skin, preferably at bedtime.
  • The removal of the affected nail plate - this method of treatment of mycosis refers to a radical, and applies only in case of severe manifestation of fungal infection.

Special attention during the treatment of athlete's foot and nail specialists give patients ' immune systems. With a weak protective functions of the organism patient it is difficult to cope with the pathogen. With the aim of increasing the immunity of the patient is prescribed immunomodulators, vitamin complex, Echinacea tincture. In addition, it is important to revise the diet of the patient, to include more fresh fruits and vegetables, eliminate muffin, black coffee, and alcoholic beverages.

Treatment of fungus toenails at home

Traditional treatments of fungal growth is very effective, but only with a doctor's permission and always in combination with drugs. It is impossible to consider traditional medicine as the main method of treatment of athlete's foot. The use of herbal concoctions and lotions can help to reduce manifestations of the disease, to eliminate itching and flaking, however, does not relieve the patient from the causative agent of the mycosis. Thus, to facilitate the acute phase of fungal diseases you can use the following recipes:

  • Alcoholic solution of propolis to eliminate skin itch and swelling need daily to apply a 20% solution of propolis on the affected nail plate and periungual roller. Feet should be clean and dry.
  • Onion paste - onion is a natural antimicrobial agent, including those which actively fights fungal infection. Good effect of onion pulp applied to affected areas 1 time per day before sleep for 20 minutes.
  • Garlic is similar to onions garlic is a powerful natural antifungal drugs. For the treatment of athlete's foot it is better to prepare alcohol tincture in equal proportions you need to mix the garlic pulp and medical 70% alcohol. The resulting solution wipe the affected areas twice a day.
  • Celandine - affected areas of the skin and nail plate to lubricate the juice of celandine daily for 3 weeks. Solution you can make your own or buy ready-made at the pharmacy.
  • Wine vinegar - wine vinegar-soaked cotton ball, apply to affected nail several times a day. For maximum effect, this lotion can be left on the nail plate up in the morning, and then apply the ointment recommended by a specialist dermatologist.
Methods of prevention of fungal infection

Methods of prevention of fungal infection

We all know that any infection, including nail fungus, it is better to prevent than to treat. By simply following the recommendations listed below to avoid contamination:

  • When visiting saunas, swimming pools, baths always wear light rubber Slippers brought from home. So you don't catch the fungus from the floor, because who knows who until you set foot in this place.
  • Always use individual towel.
  • When excessive sweating feet, use a special product on the basis of talc, to prevent the breeding of pathological organisms. You can use the tools with an antibacterial effect.
  • Wear shoes in size - close shoes circulation feet. What is a predisposing factor to adhere to a fungal infection.
  • Choosing new shoes at the store, always wear stockings or socks before fitting. Since we do not know who measured this shoes to you.
  • Carefully follow the personal hygiene of the feet and afterwards dry feet.

If one of your family members found a foot fungus, don't panic! Compliance with the above rules will help you avoid infection. The patient must grant the individual a towel and a sponge for bathing. After taking bath patients thoroughly rinse it in hot soapy water, after which, handle 55 with a solution of chloramine or chlorine. Patient's towel and clothing must be washed separately from other clothing or household members at high temperature.

If you suspect that you contracted the fungus, lubricate the space between the fingers and the nail plate antifungal ointment and see your doctor.

10.08.2018