Foot fungus is a very unpleasant and very common infectious disease. According to statistics, every fifth person in the world at least once in life discovers the symptoms of a fungal infection. Widespread distribution of the fungus only interfere with the body's defenses, as well as advances in modern medicine. Athlete's foot can be cured, it is important to identify the disease and begin proper treatment.
Fungal skin diseases (mycoses) often arise on the background of reduced immunity. The human body is not able to defend itself against infectious agents, is susceptible to various diseases. This affected not only the internal organs. Changes in local immunity lead to the increased permeability of the skin. The skin can no longer fulfil its protective function and pathogenic agents fall inside, causing the development of inflammation. Developing a foot fungus is an unpleasant phenomenon that can significantly spoil the life of any person.
Provoke fungal diseases and any damage to the skin. Grazes, scratches and cuts, not to mention open wounds – all this is the gateway for infection. And if a healthy person is able to cope with the fungus, immunocompromised persons, any wound can cause disease. The fungus penetrates the skin, multiplies and causes considerable discomfort of her existence. In advanced cases, the fungus on the toes can go on the skin of the feet and legs, causing serious diseases.
Factors that provoke the development of fungal infections:
The foot fungus is a common problem of people who visit public baths and saunas. Hot, humid room – the perfect breeding ground for fungus and its settling on human skin. An infection can be in the pool and on the beach. In any place where you have to walk barefoot or to use someone else's (public) shoes the risk of fungus infection multiplies.
When visiting bath, sauna or beach don't forget a change of footwear.
Observed that fungal skin disease of the feet and nails are more common in people with excess body weight. Fungal infection also occur in diabetes mellitus and other metabolic diseases. The fact is that when such pathologies are suffering the blood circulation of the lower extremities. Any small scratch in diabetes heal long enough and is the perfect gateway for a fungal infection. Fungus between the toes is a frequent companion of the elderly due to age-related decline in immunity.
Looks like toe fungus? Signs of the disease is difficult to confuse with something else, and experienced doctor for diagnosis enough a glance at the patient. Typical symptoms in order to recognize the fungus at a very early stage of its occurrence:
The symptoms can be very diverse. Some people have a fungus between the toes is manifested in the form weeping ulcers. In some cases, sores and cracks may be covered with typical white or yellowish scales. Peeling sufficiently strong or slightly noticeable. Often between the toes there are areas of flaking and dead skin.
A typical symptom of fungal infection is itching, but its severity can be very different. For someone itching becomes very painful companion of the disease, while in others the fungus causes only mild discomfort. Skin when fungal infections are usually red, are possible signs of scratching. All these features allow to accurately identify the fungus and to distinguish it from other skin diseases.
Fungal infection between toes quite often combined with the defeat of nails. Typical nail fungus looks like this:
Upon detection of the first signs of a fungal infection should see a doctor.
The foot fungus usually starts between the third, fourth and fifth toes, but can spread throughout the foot. Ulcers, cracks and wet are typical symptoms of progressive fungal infection. Itching in this variant of the disease is quite strong. Ulcerative form occurs most often on the background of stress, as well as when wearing uncomfortable and poorly ventilated shoes.
In some cases of fungus leads to not only cracks and weeping ulcers. With the development of fungal infection may cause small blisters filled with clear or cloudy fluid. In this way the skin swells and reddens. Over time, the bubbles burst and in their place arise a shallow depression. Ulcers, very sore and pretty slow to heal. Scarring is not typical. This form of fungal infection is called highly erosive.
In the erased form of the disease the skin changes not so much. In chronic disease the skin peel off only in some areas. In the first place is the peeling and roughness of the skin. Gradually the skin becomes rough, acquires a characteristic yellowish color. Over time, the process can go for the drumstick, thigh and gluteal region.
In order to recognize the fungus on the feet, just carefully inspect the skin of the foot, interdigital spaces and nails. Typical signs of the disease do not allow us to doubt the diagnosis. To find out which is the fungus lives on the skin, you need to take a scraping from the affected areas and send the material to the lab. Bacteriological culture of the material allows you to accurately determine the causative agent. The results of the survey will be ready in a few days, then the doctor can begin to treat a fungal infection.
Fungus treatment between toes begins with the selection of antimycotic drugs. All funds that can be used to treat infection, drugs are divided into General and local action. Local therapy used in the early stages of the disease if a fungal infection involves only skin between the toes. Also drugs local action widely applied in combined lesions of the nails.
A wide variety of drugs allows to select the right drug for virtually any situation. Assign antimycotic funds should dermatologist. Self-medication in this situation may lead to deterioration, because the wrong drug is able to speed up the progression of the disease. In addition, many antifungal drugs have a large number of contraindications and can cause serious injury.
What tools help with foot fungus? With the defeat of the interdigital folds are best to use creams and ointments. It should be remembered that the skin in this area is rather thin. Sloppy action can injure the space between the toes and cause infection. Ointment or cream should apply gently in a thin layer over the cracks and sores. The processing should capture not only the affected by the fungus but the skin 2-3 cm around the spots. This is necessary in order to destroy the elements of the fungus at sites yet healthy skin.
What is better to use from foot fungus ointment or cream? The choice depends entirely on the form of the disease. The ointment is recommended for use on dry and flaky skin. It penetrates deep into affected area and effectively fights with the fungus, which passed into the chronic form. The ointment can be applied under bandage to the drug penetrated into the deeper layers of the skin.
Check with your doctor what form of medication you should choose.
To treat fungal infections cream is under expressed exacerbation of the disease. Itching, oozing, ulceration and erosion – here the direct indications for the application of the cream. The cream is quickly absorbed into the skin almost without leaving traces on clothes. Preparations in the form of a cream does not penetrate into deep layers of the skin and are not used in severe peeling of the skin.
Many medications that eliminate the fungus on the feet, are available in two forms. Dermatologists advise to apply the ointment at night to enhance the effect of the tools on dry and thickened skin. The cream can be used in the daytime to eliminate the sores and the oozing, as well as under clothing. Unlike the cream, the ointment is absorbed much worse and often leaves bad marks on washable linen.
What drugs you can cure the fungus between the toes? The choice of tools will depend on the identified pathogen. Most commonly used antimycotic drugs on the basis of econazole, ketoconazole, terbinafine and other substances. Many drugs that allow you to heal not only the fungus, but a bacterial infection, so can be used in mixed lesions of the skin of the feet.
Treatment of fungus on my feet, perhaps, not only topical agents. In some cases, doctors prescribe remedies that affect the whole body. Systemic therapy may be necessary in the defeat of several interdigital spaces at once, and in the case of the transition process on the nails and feet. In my practice, dermatologists most often used tools on the basis of fluconazole and Itraconazole. All these preparations effectively relieve itching and inflammation and promote elimination of the main symptoms of fungal infection.
Systemic antimycotic agents have several limitations. These drugs quite often cause the development of adverse reactions:
Long-term treatment foot fungus systemic drugs may cause a serious malfunction of the whole organism. That is why it is so important that such funds were appointed only by a doctor after a complete examination. The duration of therapy and dosage of the drugs are selected based on the current infection and the presence of various comorbidities of the patient.
Important point: the course of treatment of systemic antimycotic drugs must be brought to an end! Should not stop taking medications without urgent need. Incomplete therapy can cause the development of drug resistance. In the future, to get rid of the mutated fungus and to achieve recovery will be difficult.
Is it possible to cure foot fungus folk remedies? It is believed that non-traditional methods of therapy are really able to relieve itching and eliminate other symptoms of fungal skin and nails. A good remedy for athlete's foot is considered Kombucha. This plant was introduced from Japan in the last century, and for many years enjoyed great popularity. A small piece of Kombucha into interdigital spaces twice a day for a month. The course of treatment if necessary can be repeated after a fortnight break.
For getting rid of fungus is also applied to propolis and tea tree oil. Treatment of fungus of the feet is possible with the help of baking soda dissolved in hot water (1 tablespoon of baking soda to 3 liters of water). Solution treat affected areas of the skin and nails twice a day. It should be remembered that to treat fungus folk remedies can only in the early stages of the disease. In advanced cases, when affected by fungus whole skin of the feet and nails should always consult a doctor.
Treatment for fungus between toes the traditional or folk remedies – a long and complex process. Is it possible to avoid the development of fungus? To prevent infection of the skin of feet will help the following recommendations:
When the first signs of the fungus between the fingers, consult a doctor.