Athlete's foot: how to look and how to treat athlete's foot

The athlete's foot or foot fungus is one of the most common forms of dermatological diseases. According to statistics, every third person though time in life is faced with such a lesion of the epidermis. Mycosis refers to contagious diseases, therefore it should be treated as soon as possible.

Features of the disease

Statistics show that about one-third of the world's population suffer from foot fungus. Among all fungal infections of the skin, this form of the disease is most common. To be infected by the fungus at any age. About 20% of patients are children and adolescents, approximately 40% elderly people and patients with diabetes.

Fungal infection provokes the development of the erysipelas on the feet. This diminishes local cell-mediated immunity and complicates treatment. In time expressed by a fungal disease well enough is treatable, but therapy advanced forms of the fungus can drag on for months.

Timely treatment is often hampered by the lack of bright symptoms. At the initial stage the fungus appears minor dryness and peeling, what many people do not pay enough attention to the expectation that the discomfort will pass itself. As a result, the fungus is not treated, the disease progresses and after some time raises a number of specific symptoms.

initial signs

Pathogens:

  • Trichophyton rubrum;
  • Trichophyton mentagrophytes;
  • Epidermophyton floccosum;
  • the yeast fungi.

In second place on the prevalence of the infection is Trichophyton mentagrophytes. This mycosis is characterized by severe symptoms, but treated quickly enough with the right choice of therapy.

The most rare form of mycosis caused by Epidermophyton floccosum, and yeast (yeast) fungi. Treatment in these cases depends on the stage of the disease. Infection stop yeast-like fungi is rarely an independent disease, usually a form of infection is generalized in nature, that is affects various areas of the epidermis, including the foot and nails.

How do you get fungus?

To get foot fungus simply by violating the rules of personal hygiene and visiting public places with high humidity. The fungus lives where it is damp and hot. He loves pools, public showers, gyms. The fungus dies only by prolonged boiling. It can be found in public saunas, where the temperature is in the range of 60-70C because at that temperature the spores do not die.

To fungus can result in:

  • a visit to a public shower without Slippers;
  • non-compliance with personal hygiene in the sauna or the pool;
  • trying on someone else's shoes;
  • walking barefoot on other people's carpets.

People infected with the fungus, potentially dangerous for your environment. The fact that the spores that live in the upper layers of the epidermis. Every day, thousands of cells in the human skin and are shed into the surrounding environment. Infected with the fungus the epidermis retains spores of the fungus over long periods of time. So, skin cells with a foot fall on the carpet and remain in the thick pile. If family members or guests are on the carpet barefoot, the spores get on the skin. As a result there is a high risk of developing fungal infection. The same happens when trying on someone else's shoes, as disputes for a long time remain viable. It is proved that the spores of the fungus in the shoes can remain active for years.

Communal shower in a gym, public pool or sauna is a real hotbed of fungal infection. Because of the constant humidity and hot climate, fungus in such conditions can live a very long time. It is necessary to go into the shower without Slippers, how to skin disputes of pathogenic microflora. The symptoms will begin to occur immediately, as the immune system can not long withstand the infection, but after a few weeks or months will show the first signs.

where to get

Risk factors

Despite the high degree of infection, athlete's foot develops not for everyone. This is due to the activity of the immune system. A strong and healthy body can defeat the fungal infection before it spreads. At the same time, often the opposite happens – the human immune system for a long time trying to contain the fungus, and it is possible for months, but then the stress of SARS or any other internal failure, and fungal infection begins to progress quickly.

Risk factors:

  • sweating;
  • lack of personal hygiene;
  • hormonal disorders;
  • taking certain groups of drugs;
  • frequent stress;
  • the presence of chronic dermatological diseases.

All of these States in one way or another affect the immune system.

Profuse sweating and poor personal hygiene create ideal environment for the development of the fungus and reduce the local immunity. Sweat contributes to the rapid multiplication of various pathogenic microorganisms, including fungal microflora. Insufficient hygiene of the feet, choice of socks made of synthetic fabric, tight and closed shoes accelerate the process of development of fungal infection and destruction of the epidermis.

Hormonal disturbances lead to a decrease in General immunity. Fungal infection are highly susceptible to adolescents. Due to the hormonal changes of the system for some time, a decrease in the immune system and excessive sweating, which provides ideal conditions for the growth and proliferation of pathogenic microorganisms.

Reduced immunity also contributes to the intake of certain drugs. This happens on the background of the prolonged therapy with antibiotics and corticosteroids. Stress, chronic fatigue, a disorder of the nervous system — all increase the vulnerability of the organism before the activity of pathogenic microorganisms.

Increase the risk of infection can be:

  • wearing too narrow a Shoe;
  • the presence of ingrown nails;
  • abrasions and sores on the feet;
  • vascular disease;
  • diabetes.

When vascular disease and diabetes there is a violation of blood circulation in the lower extremities. This reduces local immunity and increases the risk of fungal infection.

fungus

Clinical forms and symptoms

Symptoms of foot fungus can be divided into General and specific, characteristic for a certain clinical forms of the disease.

Looks like a fungus on the feet, describe common symptoms:

  • itching of the skin;
  • peeling of the epidermis;
  • the formation of cracks;
  • the change in the epidermis in the affected area;
  • odor;
  • discomfort when walking.

The exact changes of the epidermis depend on the form of the disease. They can affect both color and density of the skin in the affected area.

There are five main clinical forms of athlete's foot:

  • between the fingers;
  • deep;
  • vesicular;
  • on the sole;
  • similar to yeast or erased.

The most common type of fungal lesions on the feet is toe fungus. The disease is manifested by peeling of the epidermis in the interdigital intervals. The disorder is usually captures the space between 3 and 4 and the 4 and 5 toes. Specific symptoms of this form of the disease:

  • affected only the skin between the toes;
  • strong peeling and separation of scales;
  • light (white or gray) color of the keratinized skin;
  • exfoliation of the epidermis;
  • cracks and erosions.

With timely therapy, the symptoms of foot fungus are fast enough if you know how to treat the affected foot.

foot fungus

Deep form fungal infection, is complicated by interdigital form of the disease. Develops in the absence of timely treatment. Characteristic symptoms – deep cracks between the toes, lose the front of the foot, the accession of secondary infection. Erosions and ulcers are infected by pathogenic microbes, accession staph infection provokes the appearance of ulcers. In the absence of treatment, the pathological process extends to the entire foot, there is a marked suppuration, the person becomes more painful to walk.

Infection by the fungus Trichophyton mentagrophytes causes the development of vesicular dishydrotic or forms of the fungus. The disease is characterized by the following features:

  • wonder sole, leather around the ankle, interdigital spaces;
  • the epidermis swells, reddens;
  • in the affected area are formed small red vesicles;
  • itching and burning sensation.

This form of fungal infection, a lot of what resembles a severe allergic reaction or contact dermatitis. Quite often there is a secondary infection, then the affected area appear small vesicles, filled with pus. Despite the terrible symptoms, this form of disease is successfully treated. Timely treatment allows to get rid of symptoms for 2-3 weeks.

One of the most severe clinical forms of mycoses is dermatophytosis of the plantar of the foot. The disease provokes a fungus of the genus Trichophyton rubrum. The disease is manifested by severe peeling. In the area of peeling are formed of thick keratinized. Due to the poor circulation the skin becomes blue or livid hue. In this disease affected the whole sole, this fungus on the feet in the photo looks very known, so diagnosis will not have problems. When plantar form there is severe itching, pain and burning sensation when walking, a sharp unpleasant smell from feet. This form of the disease treated for a long time.

The easiest form of defeat is erased. It is also called the mixed form of the disease. Most often provokes similar to the yeast fungus. Symptoms of this form of the disease are mild and often go away without treatment. During infection similar to a yeast fungus it is noted flaking and itching between the toes, unpleasant odor from the feet, perhaps redness of the skin. Prompt treatment allows you to completely get rid of the disease for 10-15 days.

The principle of treatment

When you see the peeling on the limbs treatment of fungus of the feet and legs should begin immediately. Advanced forms of the disease difficult for the treatment, a full recovery of the skin may take more than six months.

Fungal infection in the child and adult requires a comprehensive approach, you first need to find out what fungus caused the inflammation and skin lesions on the foot. It is necessary to consult a dermatologist. The doctor will take a scraping of affected skin to determine the causative agent, and the results of the analysis will select the optimal treatment regimen.

When the fungus is practiced complex therapy, which includes:

  • antiseptic treatment of the feet;
  • the application of topical treatments;
  • pills;
  • hardware procedures.

Supplement therapy can be a traditional medicine. At the time of treatment it is important to carefully follow the hygiene, to abandon the synthetic socks and too tight shoes.

treatment

Folk remedies

Traditional methods of treatment can only be applied as an adjuvant. The main method of treatment of fungus folk remedies are ineffective, but they can enhance the therapeutic action of drugs.

First apply the bath. They have antifungal activity and steam the skin, improves the penetration of ingredients of ointments and solutions from the fungus in the deeper layers of the epidermis. Trays can be made according to the following recipes.

  1. Add in a bowl of water 4 tablespoons vinegar and steam the legs for 15 minutes.
  2. 4 liters of water to take two tablespoons of salt, soda and iodine solution.
  3. Add to a foot bath, the boric acid powder at the rate of 10 g per 2 liters of water.
  4. Four tablespoons of soap with tar dissolve in a basin of hot water, add half a Cup of baking soda.
  5. In a water bath, add 100 g of soda and the juice of one lemon. Fresh juice you can substitute 10 drops of lemon essential oil.

Baths should be done daily throughout the treatment period. They are recommended for use before applying antifungal agents.

When foot fungus, you can use lotions. To speed up recovery helps tincture of propolis. It must be mix evenly with water, and then soak in the resulting solution with a cotton swab and treat the skin of the feet. In the same way you can apply the oil and celandine extract, essential oil of tea tree, boric acid solution.

Useful tips

To quickly cure fungus of the feet, you must carefully monitor your feet. In the first place is the hygiene of the feet. It is necessary to repeatedly wash the feet always dry. It is important to remember that a moist environment promotes the spread of fungal infection. To wash the feet it is better to use economic or tar soap.

Any means for external use is applied only on clean and dry skin. Components of the ointment to penetrate better into the epidermis, it is recommended before the procedure to steam the legs, making the tray.

To avoid re-infection, it is necessary to carefully monitor the cleanliness of socks and shoes. Socks it is recommended to boil with soap, shoes processing with special solutions. For the treatment of footwear, you can use antiseptic or a special spray to Stop Fungi.

After a shower it is necessary to carefully disinfect the tub. It is recommended to abandon the carpets, as they can accumulate spores of fungal infection.

14.08.2018