Every third person on earth is faced with the same problem as delamination and crumbling of the nail, the plastic plate is onychomycosis. The disease affects different age groups. Fungus toenails (photo below), spreads quickly and adapts to new conditions. Take a closer look at the main factors of occurrence, types and methods of treatment of fungus.
Onychomycosis – a disease that destroys the nail plate. Fungus are keratin – building the Foundation of the nail. The infection gets into the extracellular space and begins its division. In advanced stages of the pathology can affect the skin of the feet, the area between the toes, the heel.
You can get infected with onychomycosis easy enough. The infection can lurk on the beach, public shower, or swimming pool. A high probability of catching a fungus from infected relatives or friends (using the common tools of everyday life).
There are several main reasons that can trigger the virus spread in the human body:
Nail fungus starts on the big toe. In addition, the virus can develop on the little finger.
Onychomycosis can provoke several types of fungi. Dermatophytes, for example, manifested in the form of opacities of the nail. Observed the formation of yellow spots on the sides or in the middle of the plate. In addition, there may be a longitudinal strip along the affected area.
Yeast fungus provokes a deformation of the nail plate. It greatly thins and begins to move away from its place, becoming gray. Metabolism of injured cells worsens, the nail shaft furrows appear. In addition, the surrounding epidermis is inflammation, swelling, redness, observed the disappearance of the nail skin.
Molds bacteria can injure the nail plate if there are already diseases that cause malnutrition nails. In this case also clouding of the plates, changing its colour (from light yellow and green to brown and even black).
Mold fungus does not penetrate far into the nail, it remains in the surface layers.
To find out the cause and the causative agent of negative changes in the skin and nails, you need to see a specialist. Self-definition of the disease and its treatment without consulting a doctor can be fraught with consequences.
Fungal infection of the nails affects healthy cells gradually. The disease has several stages of development, each of which has its specific manifestations. How does the development of fungus in various shapes.
The first stage of onychomycosis (normotroficheskie) has no striking manifestations. In most cases it's hidden flows. The first signs of a fingernail is a bit dim, change color, microcracks and yellow spots in the form of circles, is the tuberosity. Budding fungus can be accompanied by itching and burning. To correctly detect the infection in its initial stages is difficult as symptoms are similar with other diseases (psoriasis, liver disease).
If time does not begin treatment, the disease will move to the next stage . The nail becomes thickened, dark. The deformation of the plate, its crushing and destruction.
Running a form of nail disease manifested by severe thinning of the nail plate, which leads to further rejection. The surrounding skin turns blue, there is an unpleasant smell.
In the case of infection concomitant infections may be a purulent process.
Onychomycosis affects the toenails, rarely suffer hands. The disease begins with the thumb and little finger (raised outer edge), gradually hitting all of the plate.
To determine fungal infection will help leading symptoms of onychomycosis:
To know how to recognize the disease at initial stage, you can see the main symptoms of nail fungus in the photo. This will at least roughly understand how the development of the infection, and in case of detection of such signs, consult a doctor.
Treatment of onychomycosis depends on the degree of neglect and the individual characteristics of the disease. Treatment should be comprehensive, and consist of medicines and complementary techniques of traditional medicine.
Beginner the fungus responds well to topical treatment.
Drugs penetrate deeply into the tissue. They struggle with fungus not only in the thickness of the nail, but also to eliminate the infection that has spread to the foot, the heel, the area between the fingers.
In advanced stages of onychomycosis local treatment need to reinforce systemic medications (for internal use). Drugs are produced in the form of tablets or capsules, which impact on fungal pathology from the inside.
Medication prescribed by a doctor, based on the characteristics of the disease, its type and degree of neglect. Self-treatment is excluded, as the uncontrolled intake of medicines is harmful to health.
The nail mycosis can be treated and pet-friendly ways. Folk remedies are good helpers in the treatment of disease.
In 2 liters of hot water (37 degrees) to breed 5 of art. L. 9% vinegar. Feet need to soar in such solution at least half an hour. Next, with a nail file to clean off the softened Horny layer of the nail, and a pumice stone to treat the affected areas on the feet and between the toes. After such manipulation it is recommended to apply an antifungal cream or solution. Procedure done regularly (1-2 times a day) for months.
Injured nails should be lubricated before bed, bandaged and left for the night. In the morning remove the bandage, clean the nail from the dead skin layer and again drip tea tree oil, but not to roll up. Treatment it is important to continue until, until you start to grow a healthy nail.
Injured the nail plate should be 2 times a day to lubricate the 5% solution of iodine. Therapy lasts at least 3 weeks. In this widely used pharmacy medication drugs outdoor and indoor use, prescribed by a doctor.
Before each manipulation of the people's pharmacy or by means of legs it is recommended steamed in soda or salt solution, and to remove the Horny layer. Careful preparation of the plates to the procedure allows the drugs to penetrate deeper into the affected layers and to more effectively fight infection.
The fight against the fungal infection is a complex process. If the disease is identified in a child, treatment should appoint only a doctor, since most antifungal drugs are toxic and capable of causing in children severe allergic reactions.
As for folk remedies in the treatment of nail fungus in children, experts do not recommend using them as a primary treatment. Baths, lotions and rubbing can remove the symptoms, but the infection will remain inside. Therefore, the treatment of onychomycosis in a child should be medically and strictly coordinated with the physician.
Fungal infection of the nails for a long time able appears vague symptoms, and the patient can immediately pay attention to them. Usually the treatment starts with the obvious signs of the disease (thickening and clouding of the nail plate, crumbling her and rejection from bed). It is important to prevent severe stages, and promptly seek medical help. The combination therapy helps to eliminate fungus and prevent unwanted complications.