Skin fungus legs: means for treatment of the disease

To recognize the pathogen fungal infection and adequate treatment can only specialist-dermatologist, so at the first signs of the disease should seek help from a doctor.Timely treatment helps to avoid complications and development of chronic forms of the disease.

Diseases that are caused by pathogenic microscopic fungi, referred to in the clinical practice with mycosis. Skin fungus on feet belongs to a group called pathogenic of the genus yeast. Pathogens mycoses live in nature (in soil and plants), on the body or in the body of animals, save activity, being in the clothes or shoes of the person who is infected.

Looks like a foot fungus

foot fungus

A fungal infection causes inflammation of the skin in places of localization of fungal infection. The main types of ringworm of the feet are:

  • The fungus is the sole of the foot shape, in which the lesion is red, flakes, the skin cracks. Often the patient feels no discomfort that contributes to the wide dissemination of this type of disease.
  • Athlete's foot a certain form localized on the arch of the feet, not in contact with the surface of the floor. In locations of foci of infection the formation of small blisters that apply to inner and outer part of the foot, are opened, forming on surface erosion of the skin and rash. The process is accompanied by itching and burning sensation. After opening the vesicles (bubbles) the disease passes in the following form.
  • Fungus on the skin of the feet, which affects the space between the fingers is the most common form of it. Manifested in the form cracks, the edges of which covered with a white rim peeling . As a rule, this form has a long chronic course and poor response to treatment.
  • The fungus on the lower leg or foot is manifested in the form of round spots of pink or red color, covered with dermal scales. With the development of infection foci of inflammation grow, the process is accompanied by severe itching.

Symptoms

Depending on the form of the disease and localization of inflammation, the infection is accompanied by different symptoms of the following common features:

  • peeling of the skin;
  • slight or severe redness of the skin at the site of the lesion;
  • itching;
  • burning sensation;
  • blisters or cracks on the skin.

Blisters between the toes

The main symptom of fungal infection of the foot caused by a fungus of the genus Candida, is the appearance of blisters between the toes, usually between the fourth finger and little finger. For the disease is accompanied by swelling adjacent to the fingers of the skin, severe areas of redness with small bubbles on the surface. Inflammation surrounds the rim of epidermis which has disappeared.

The first signs

feet

Skin disease feet is always accompanied by a number of common features, the appearance of which indicates infection of the skin by spores of harmful microorganisms. Seek assistance from a dermatologist is necessary in the following cases:

  • the appearance on the skin in the folds of the foot or between the toes cracks or blisters;
  • thickening and considerable thickening of the skin of the skin of the feet;
  • redness skin sections, their peeling;
  • burning sensation or itching.

Reasons

Infection occurs for several reasons, after direct or indirect contact a patient with an infection carrier or his personal belongings, household items. Risk factors infection ringworm of the feet include:

  • foot disorders circulation and related diseases (varicose veins);
  • weakened General or local immunity;
  • failure to comply with rules of hygiene;
  • the weakening of the protective systems of the body after taking antibiotics;
  • excessive sweating of the foot skin;
  • the presence of skin of minor injuries (abrasions, scratches).

The main ways of infection

Skin fungus on the toes, legs and feet is transmitted from the carrier of the pathogen to media by direct and indirect contact. Direct contact involves the interaction with sick carriers (humans or animals), contaminated soil or plants. In indirect contact infection occurs through the personal belongings of the patient, clothes, shoes or items personal hygiene.

Types of fungal infections

To accurately determine the type of fungus can only a dermatologist by visual inspection, data which are specified by laboratory tests. Depending on the pathogen fungal infections (yeast, mold, fungi of the genus Candida) on the skin of the feet, allocate several basic types of the disease, which include:

  • candidiasis of the feet;
  • athlete's foot;
  • trichophytosis of the feet;
  • onychomycosis (nail fungus).

Than to treat

fungus treatment

Treatment of skin fungus on legs is a long complex therapy, in severe cases, which includes the use of system tools for . When minor lesions of the emphasis on local therapy with antimicrobial and antiseptic. In acute forms of the disease is also appointed warm baths to relieve inflammation and remove dead skin cells. In some cases it is necessary to handle the shoes and clothes of the patient with special compounds to avoid recurrence.

Local media

Therapy drugs local action includes not only the use of antifungal creams and ointments, but also the use of special sprays, aerosols and lotions. Form medicinal the funds recommended by the dermatologist, depending on the type of pathogen, the severity of the lesion the skin of the feet, the stage of the disease and the individual characteristics of the patient. Duration local treatment of drug can range from 2 weeks to 3 months.

Antifungal ointment

In the treatment of fungus of the skin of the legs in most cases prescribe an antifungal ointment. Applied drugs in the form of ointment or cream on dry skin heels or other places of localization of inflammation, previously carefully cleaned from dead cells of the epidermis, any other RAID. At different types of the disease duration of treatment can range from 2-3 weeks to 2-3 months.

System tools

System for oral administration are appointed in cases of ineffectiveness of drugs local actions in severe and advanced forms of the disease. A course of oral drugs indicated for fungal infections of the deep layers of the skin, not only help to treat the acute phase, but also to prevent the transfer of disease into a chronic form. Regimen, course duration and dosage selected by the attending physician.

Folk remedies

The use of folk remedies treatment is possible only with the consent of the doctor. The basic tools for baths, compresses and applications against the fungus on the skin of the feet are vinegar, propolis, baking soda, herbal teas, soap. Practice the following procedures:

  • Baths with a solution of baking soda and salt. 3 liters of water at a temperature of 36-40°C. the use of 3 art. tsp salt and 3 tbsp of baking soda. Duration of procedure – 10-15 minutes after the bath, rinse feet under the stream of warm water. Used in acute forms of the fungus for 7-10 days twice per day.
  • Lotions with herbal decoction. To prepare the broth mix equal proportions dried oak bark, calendula flowers, leaves of verbena officinalis. For cooking broth 3 art. L. mixture pour a glass of boiling water, keep on low heat 10-15 minutes. Make a compress with the resulting broth three times a day for 20-30 minutes.

Prevention

The main method of prevention of mycosis of the feet is the implementation of basic hygiene rules in public places such pools, saunas, gyms. The maintenance of the General and local immunity after serious illness includes a balanced diet, taking vitamins, proper rest and sleep, also applies to the prevention of fungal infection.

23.08.2018