To recognize the pathogen fungal infection and adequate treatment can only specialist-dermatologist, so at the first signs of the disease should seek help from a doctor.Timely treatment helps to avoid complications and development of chronic forms of the disease.
Diseases that are caused by pathogenic microscopic fungi, referred to in the clinical practice with mycosis. Skin fungus on feet belongs to a group called pathogenic of the genus yeast. Pathogens mycoses live in nature (in soil and plants), on the body or in the body of animals, save activity, being in the clothes or shoes of the person who is infected.
A fungal infection causes inflammation of the skin in places of localization of fungal infection. The main types of ringworm of the feet are:
Depending on the form of the disease and localization of inflammation, the infection is accompanied by different symptoms of the following common features:
The main symptom of fungal infection of the foot caused by a fungus of the genus Candida, is the appearance of blisters between the toes, usually between the fourth finger and little finger. For the disease is accompanied by swelling adjacent to the fingers of the skin, severe areas of redness with small bubbles on the surface. Inflammation surrounds the rim of epidermis which has disappeared.
Skin disease feet is always accompanied by a number of common features, the appearance of which indicates infection of the skin by spores of harmful microorganisms. Seek assistance from a dermatologist is necessary in the following cases:
Infection occurs for several reasons, after direct or indirect contact a patient with an infection carrier or his personal belongings, household items. Risk factors infection ringworm of the feet include:
Skin fungus on the toes, legs and feet is transmitted from the carrier of the pathogen to media by direct and indirect contact. Direct contact involves the interaction with sick carriers (humans or animals), contaminated soil or plants. In indirect contact infection occurs through the personal belongings of the patient, clothes, shoes or items personal hygiene.
To accurately determine the type of fungus can only a dermatologist by visual inspection, data which are specified by laboratory tests. Depending on the pathogen fungal infections (yeast, mold, fungi of the genus Candida) on the skin of the feet, allocate several basic types of the disease, which include:
Treatment of skin fungus on legs is a long complex therapy, in severe cases, which includes the use of system tools for . When minor lesions of the emphasis on local therapy with antimicrobial and antiseptic. In acute forms of the disease is also appointed warm baths to relieve inflammation and remove dead skin cells. In some cases it is necessary to handle the shoes and clothes of the patient with special compounds to avoid recurrence.
Therapy drugs local action includes not only the use of antifungal creams and ointments, but also the use of special sprays, aerosols and lotions. Form medicinal the funds recommended by the dermatologist, depending on the type of pathogen, the severity of the lesion the skin of the feet, the stage of the disease and the individual characteristics of the patient. Duration local treatment of drug can range from 2 weeks to 3 months.
In the treatment of fungus of the skin of the legs in most cases prescribe an antifungal ointment. Applied drugs in the form of ointment or cream on dry skin heels or other places of localization of inflammation, previously carefully cleaned from dead cells of the epidermis, any other RAID. At different types of the disease duration of treatment can range from 2-3 weeks to 2-3 months.
System for oral administration are appointed in cases of ineffectiveness of drugs local actions in severe and advanced forms of the disease. A course of oral drugs indicated for fungal infections of the deep layers of the skin, not only help to treat the acute phase, but also to prevent the transfer of disease into a chronic form. Regimen, course duration and dosage selected by the attending physician.
The use of folk remedies treatment is possible only with the consent of the doctor. The basic tools for baths, compresses and applications against the fungus on the skin of the feet are vinegar, propolis, baking soda, herbal teas, soap. Practice the following procedures:
The main method of prevention of mycosis of the feet is the implementation of basic hygiene rules in public places such pools, saunas, gyms. The maintenance of the General and local immunity after serious illness includes a balanced diet, taking vitamins, proper rest and sleep, also applies to the prevention of fungal infection.