According to statistics, onychomycosis quarter of the world population, at-risk patients from 35 to 75 years. Most often affects the thumb nail, due to the high risk of trauma. Early treatment of nail fungus on big toe at home helps you quickly get rid of the disease and to avoid relapses in the future.
Nail fungus on big toe difficult therapeutic measures in 70% of cases after treatment, the disease returns. The infection brings discomfort, but not life-threatening.
The main danger is that the viability of the fungal parasite, which is introduced into human cells. He may long remain latent and only manifest under favorable factors.
We are talking about reducing immunity due to:
Also the fungus on the big toe can occur in women during pregnancy, breast feeding, menopausal disorders and other hormonal disorders.
At risk people who are often in a wet environment, visit gyms, swimming pools, saunas and baths. The fungus is transmitted by wearing someone else's shoes, personal belongings, General use hygienic devices. In 30% of cases the cause of infection is getting the pedicure, which is of non-sterile instruments.
Especially prone to onychomycosis elderly. Age-related changes occur in the bone tissues, changes the acid balance, which leads to rapid penetration and spread of infection.
The symptoms increase as the penetration of infection into the layers of the epidermis, itching, burning, skin peel, or crack, over time, open centers.
The nail plate is modified, thickens, and destroys the stratum corneum, is yellow, the color becomes non-uniform. Gradually the surface of the nail is painted in grey or yellow. Without treatment, the plate is deformed and crumbly, completely departs from the nail bed.
The clinical picture of nail fungus on big toes of the feet depends on the variety of causative agent:
Depending on the stage of destructive changes is characterized by the degree of infection by the fungus. At the initial stage, with careful examination, you may notice a thin whitish spots or stripes.
In the second stage fungal plates lose their healthy appearance, thicken, change color. There is an unpleasant smell. The skin around the nail becomes inflamed, the nail swells.
Photos of nail fungus on my big toe in the third stage shows how the exterior develops hypertrophic onychomycosis – the nail completely departs from the bed, changes color, becomes brittle, crumbles. Appear on the skin open sores that leads to the joining of a bacterial infection.
Atrophic onychomycosis leads to keratinization of the skin, the fungus rapidly spreads to other parts of the body, deep inside, becomes chronic. High risk of infecting others.
To the obvious signs of a nail fungus thumb should include the thickening of the nail plate, ingrown nail shaft inside her, swelling and redness of the skin, purulent discharge in the corners of the plate. As a result there are unpleasant smell, discomfort when walking.
If the pathogens got into the body, the pathogenic flora is distributed in deeper layers of the epidermis, affecting the nails, skin, and then the whole foot of a human. If the entry of the fungus is the plate of the big toe, the infection takes root under it.
Medical therapy involves a comprehensive approach to eliminate the mycelium (body of the fungus) in the depth of the nail: disinfection plate, tissue regeneration, strengthening the body's defenses.
Systemic treatment of nail fungus on the big toe is indicated for a significant defeat of the structural elements of the nail plate.
Drug treatment is recommended to complement the course of immunostimulatory drugs and vitamin complexes – preparations folic acid, magnesium, iron, selenium, zinc, b vitamins.
Treatment of fungus on the big toe can be carried out by means of external use. For this approach numerous sprays, ointments, varnishes, emulsions, creams, gels, plasters and tools for removal of the nail plate.
It is recommended to use the varnish from the fungus after hortus bo-salt baths, before bedtime, for quality of penetration of the therapeutic component in the damaged area. The nail plate before applying the medication must be clean and dry.
The use of antifungal agents in the form of solutions and sprays are shown to prevent the spread of infection to healthy nails and skin of feet. The duration of therapy from several months to a year. In addition to antifungal treatment uses medical plasters. Glued on clean, dried nail area before going to sleep, in the morning, the damaged plate is removed with scissors.
To cure the disease folk remedies is possible only at the initial stage of infection of the patient, in the advanced form you will need a comprehensive therapy.
To completely get rid of the disease by using surgery. This method ensures recovery and has no side effects. The operation is as follows – finger is processed antiseptic formulations imposed harness, performed anaesthesia with lidocaine. Then the nail plate is removed using surgical instruments, the bed is cleaned of dead tissue, treated with a solution of iodine and apply a compress with antiseptic.
To prevent the disease manifested itself again, it is important to carefully observe rules of personal hygiene: wear shoes in size constantly change socks, disinfect and clean the shoes from dirt. Seasonal it is important to strengthen the immune system, balanced diet, exercise.
Start the disease is easy to cure nail fungus on the big toe will need a lot of time, effort and financial costs. Take care of your health, do not neglect preventive methods and not self-medicate. When the first signs of onychomycosis see your doctor, it will help to build an optimal scheme of treatment and will tell you how and what to treat nail fungus on my big toe.