Treatment of fungus on toenails: efficient methods and tools

In medicine this disease is called onychomycosis, almost 25% of the population suffers from this disease. Bacteria that provoke the destruction of the nail plate poorly to therapy, often cause relapses after a course of treatment. The most popular places of infection, which are dangerous: gym, saunas, baths, swimming pools. Nail toe fungus treatment is carried out using folk remedies and medicines, the course lasts from one to several months. Onychomycosis is not dangerous to human life, but gives him a lot of discomfort, unpleasant feelings.

fungus

What is fungus of the toes

Onychomycosis – a disease that is widespread, difficult to treat, is recurrent in nature. The risk of Contracting more in big cities than in small ones. The infection can be picked up anywhere where people walk barefoot (swimming pools, saunas and t.. d.) or when using someone else's socks and shoes. To cause the development of nail fungus can and the following factors:

  • poor hygiene of the feet;
  • excessive sweating, humidity;
  • poor quality shoes;
  • injury, damage to the integrity of the cover;
  • discomfort when walking (wrong size);
  • flat feet.

The above causes increase the risk of infection 2 times. This is not a fatal disease, but don't ignore her, so at the first symptoms should consult a dermatologist. Onychomycosis is a threat to the overall health of a person because of pathological bacteria excrete poison during irritation. These substances have a negative influence on the metabolism of the human body, the nervous system, urogenital, digestive, cardiovascular.

Looks like

The fungus develops after contact with pathogenic bacteria in the human body. The disease does not cause death, but in the absence of adequate therapy toe fungus can pass to the neighboring nails, hands, progress to axillary, groin region. People did not immediately notice the changes the first sign is a change in the color of the nail, it becomes brown or yellow. Seal the plates leads to the appearance of discomfort while wearing shoes. Doctors there are 3 stages of nail changes in onychomycosis:

  1. At the initial stage of the big toe is covered with slightly visible spots or stripes. Feet look healthy.
  2. In the second stage of the nail plate affected by the fungus, lose luster, legs unpleasant smell, the color becomes a deep yellow color, starts ungual delamination and peeling.
  3. When launched form the nail begins to move away from the skin, the structure becomes loose, sometimes fall off on their own. This is the stage of dangerous complications, the risk of infecting loved ones, because the debate actively scattered on the floor of the housing, especially in the bathroom.

Fungus treatment

The main impetus for the treatment of onychomycosis – prevention of infection of loved ones. This is a major cause for treatment of fungus on the nails of the toes or foot. Therapy is long, requires daily treatments and thorough patient care the nail plate. Selected course dermatologist who assesses the stage of the disease, spread to other parts of the body, the individual characteristics of the patient's health. As a rule, use internal and external funds, and in severe cases, surgical procedures.

Medicines

Effective treatment of fungus toenails is performed with local and systemic medications. Remedies are selected based on the stage of development of onychomycosis, external manifestations, pathological resistance of bacteria to the medicines. As a rule, for maximum effectiveness use both areas of treatment and consultation with doctor – popular recipes.

Systemic therapy

In the early stages only use the outer local funds, but with the progression of pathology to deal only with them will not work. Effective treatment consists of several areas that are part of an integrated approach. The dermatologist will appoint antifungal capsules and tablets that are taken orally. They stop the growth of pathogenic spores from the inside, stop the development of fungus spreading throughout the body via blood circulation.

Local media

This group of medicines is used for applying on the damaged nail plate and surrounding skin. The main advantage of local drugs, no side effects, so always used to fight with onychomycosis of the toes. Before applying you need to treat the nail, remove the scales, nail file to file down the top coat, scissors maximally shortened. Then ointments and creams are applied 1-2 times per day. The treatment course varies from 2 to 12 months.

varnishes

Lucky

This is one form of outdoor therapy. Special nail Polish is only sold in the pharmacy without prescription. High efficiency drugs show only in the initial stages of the development of onychomycosis. Principle of drug action is to soften the affected nail plate antiseptic effect. Lacquer imbued into the structure of the nail, kills pathogenic spores.

Treatment at home

In the treatment of onychomycosis is recommended to use a holistic approach. Home treatment of nail fungus on the feet is part of it, but it must have the approval of your doctor. Some traditional recipes can replace other drugs and use them simultaneously is not necessary. For therapy at home you can use the following options:

  1. Garlic. You need to take some cloves, grind to a pulp. Add 1 tbsp of rubbing alcohol and mix thoroughly. Use the mixture for compresses that must be applied to the affected plate for 25 minutes.
  2. Kombucha. You need to clean a piece of this product from the films veins. Next, grind the mushroom into a paste and massage into the nail surface. If you want to make a compress, then you need grinded a component applied to a gauze, to put 20 minutes towards the plate.
  3. Potatoes. Cook in fresh water, peel and explain it with a rolling pin. Drain the water into a basin and steam in her legs. Grate the potatoes with the peelings on the nails and leave on for 15-20 minutes. Rinse the mixture with warm water, pork fat, wipe the affected areas and put on socks. Repeat procedure every day until recovery.

Treatment of advanced forms of foot fungus

advanced stage

At the last stage of the lesion the pathological processes be cured only with folk remedies, local drugs will not work. For therapy use a holistic approach that includes the above methods and taking systemic medications. In extreme cases perform a complete removal of the affected part. It is necessary to select suitable for this type of fungus that can only be performed after diagnostic procedures performed in the laboratory.

Surgery

This method of therapy uses only in advanced forms of pathology. Assigned to the removal only if there is no positive effect after systemic and local medications. Some patients undergo the procedure, because prolonged systemic therapy has a high price. Surgery guarantees the recovery and no side effects that compares favorably with conservative treatment. The operation is performed in the following way:

  • the affected finger is treated with an antiseptic product;
  • perform local anesthesia lidocaine;
  • the plate is completely removed by using scissors and pliers;
  • the nail bed is then completely cleaned of dead tissue, is treated with alcoholic iodine solution, apply a compress with antiseptic ointment.

Folk remedy

The fingers of the lower extremities are very susceptible to various types of mycosis. The popular treatment of nail fungus on the feet is highly effective in the early stages of disease. In this case, it may be the only area of therapy, but on the 2nd stage will require the simultaneous use of systemic medications. As a rule, use different trays, which kill fungal spores. The following is a popular folk treatment options the toes.

Vinegar

recipe with vinegar

This product is every housewife in the kitchen. It uses as antibacterial agents for the treatment of footwear inside and can be used for the treatment of the toes. Method of application the following:

  1. In a bowl, dilute with 9% vinegar with water in a ratio of 1:2.
  2. Soak feet for 15 minutes in the tub.
  3. After the procedure is cut down maximally cut off the affected plate.
  4. Carry out the procedure every other day for 2 weeks.

Salt bath

Another popular ingredient for cooking and medicinal baths is sea salt. The cooking method is the following:

  1. One liter of hot water (70 degrees Celsius) need to take 2 tbsp of salt and 1 tbsp of baking soda.
  2. Hold for 30 minutes legs in the bath.
  3. Then clean, cut down, grind the plate on the affected finger.
  4. Then wash with soap hands and feet, treat with hydrogen peroxide. It is recommended during the procedure to use rubber gloves.
  5. Using napkins dry fingers, nail rollers, apply the iodine. Repeat lubrication 3 times.
  6. Carry out the procedure every day before going to sleep.

Herbal baths

For making use of various herbs. These folk remedies for the treatment of fungus toenails can be mixed or used separately. To the popular options are: mugwort, plantain, burdock, yarrow. Herbal infusion to add to hot water and immerse the toes. Enough 5-10 treatments to notice a positive trend against onychomycosis.

Another popular medicinal plant is celandine. It has obvious antifungal effect, which helps fight against onychomycosis. Cooking baths the following:

  1. Take 4 tbsp. of plants in 1 litre of liquid.
  2. The mixture boil on a slow window in 5 minutes.
  3. Dip your feet in the tub, when the water cools to 45 degrees Celsius.
  4. The duration of treatment is 20 days, carry out the procedure you need every day.

Bath with iodine

bath with iodine

Treatment of toe nail fungus at home can be performed with iodine. It has a detrimental effect on the fungal spores that affect the fingers. For the treatment you need to make a tray according to the following rules:

  1. Dial hot water in a bowl. 3 liters of fluid will need 8 drops of iodine.
  2. Rasparte feet in the bath, then cut down the damaged plate, cut with scissors as possible.
  3. The skin around need to treat with hydrogen peroxide.
  4. On the affected area then apply a bandage with antibacterial ointment.
  5. Follow the procedure every day until complete recovery.

Prevention

It is important to avoid visiting the gym, baths or saunas without Slippers. After they need to handle the toes of the foot prevention of fungal infections. In addition to the exclusion of all causal factors, it is necessary to observe the following rules:

  • conduct a thorough hygienic care of the fingers, soles of the feet;
  • for moisturizing you need to use creams, lotions and essential oil;
  • every day carry out cleaning procedures;
  • timely removal, sawing of the grown parts, of the keratinized skin.

In case you need others to wear Slippers or walk barefoot in the hotel, public places, need to treat the foot with antifungal medications. If these are not available, it is possible to wipe feet citric acid, squeezed with lemon juice. To avoid onychomycosis will help strong immune system, proper nutrition, regular exercise, not to give rise to fungal spores take root in your body.

The information presented in the article is exploratory in nature. The article is not calling for self-medication. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give treatment recommendations based on the individual characteristics of the particular patient.

30.08.2018