Nail fungus: the treatment of advanced forms, symptoms, signs

Nail fungus (onychomycosis) is a dangerous disease, which at an early stage can occur with implicit symptoms. Fungal disease capable not only of destroying the surface of the nail plate, they also cause uncomfortable pain and running form lead to pathology of soft tissues. Onychomycosis is rapidly spreading to healthy nails of hands and feet and is a danger to other people. So, if you find that the discoloration and other abnormal manifestations in the field of nail plates, you should immediately get an appointment with a dermatologist or mycologist.

The symptoms of fungal infections

fungus of the toenails

That you have a fungus, according to the following characteristics:

  • Nails rough and brittle.
  • Deformation of the shape of the nails.
  • Inflammation of the tissues around the nails.
  • Delamination or thinning/thickening of the nails.
  • Dull and opaque nails can have brown, black or yellow areas.

Ways of infection with onychomycosis

In people with good immunity and healthy skin when hygiene the risk of Contracting fungal infections is small. Mycoses of various origins affect the body through abrasions, cracks, hypertrophied areas of the skin and nails. The growth of pathogenic microflora can cause excessive sweating, dry skin, and wearing tight shoes.

  • The varicose veins.
  • Decrease in immunity.
  • Frostbite of the extremities.
  • Wearing rubber boots and sweating.
  • Endocrine and vascular diseases.
  • Close contact with patients with onychomycosis.
  • Flat feet and the narrowness of the interdigital spaces.

The danger of fungus

Nail fungus never goes away. Penetrating into the nail plate, the disease slowly destroys the hard shell of the nail, and then the fabric. In advanced stages the nail fungi cause allergic reactions, intoxication and even lesions of the internal organs. Treatment of onychomycosis requires the use of complex therapeutic interventions.

Diagnosis and treatment

In most cases of fungal nail disease cause dermatophytes, less common molds and yeast fungi. For diagnosis "onychomycosis" and selection of optimal drugs mycologist or a dermatologist sent the patient to laboratory diagnostics. Scrape the affected nail will help to determine the presence and genus of fungal infections.

Since most anti-fungal medicines contain active terbinafine, sertaconazole, ketoconazole, to avoid side reactions, the selection and use of drugs it is advisable to coordinate with your doctor.

Drugs in onychomycosis

  1. Local agents – medicinal creams, ointments and patches for home use;
  2. Systemic medications designed for oral administration.