Nail fungus on big toe treatment

A fungal infection that manifests unpleasant symptoms in the feet is called onychomycosis. From this disease affects about 33% of the population of the globe. Most often, infection is localized in the big toe. Usually the infection occurs in public places where there is a large number of people (pools, saunas, on the beach, etc.). To catch a fungal infection and wearing someone else's shoes, and even while trying on in store. Using other people's hygiene may also be the cause of onychomycosis.

fungus on the toe

The most important thing is to recognize the disease. As in the early stages it can be cured without problems and extra costs, then it may be too late. The result of the neglect of their health can be a strong inflammation, loss of the nail, spread to other areas and other unpleasant consequences.

The symptoms of infection

It is very important if you experience the slightest discomfort and signs of fungal infection on big toe to go to the dermatologist. The disease absolutely can not ignore. To identify active infection by the following criteria:

  • The epidermis begins to break down. Germs can quickly penetrate the layers of skin, so its outer layers flake off. The first sign of fungal infection – peeling between the toes.
  • Appear on the skin areas with the bubbles. Their sizes can be different – it comes to the size of a pinhead. First bubbles appear, then inflate and burst, and in their place, the skin remains painful cracks.
  • The nail plate thickens and becomes turbid.
  • On the thumb nails appear whitish or yellowish spots.
  • Legs begin to exude an unpleasant smell.
  • In the affected area there burning and itching.
  • The affected nail starts to grow, there is swelling and walking there are unpleasant sensations.
  • In the last stages of the disease the nail plate may become loose.

If you notice at least 2 of the above symptoms, should immediately consult the dermatologist. Experts distinguish several stages of development of onychomycosis:

  • Initial. At this stage, the structure of the nail plate and the skin does not change, there are small changes in the color of the nail, it can appear mottled.
  • The second stage. The nail plate becomes yellow and becomes a source of unpleasant odor.
  • Advanced stage. At this stage, the plate starts to lose its healthy structure and it is peeling off. It is important to understand that at this stage the disease is very dangerous for others – increases the risk of infection due to the fact that spores of the fungus from the feet of the sick person spread everywhere.

At any stage we should not blindly run to the pharmacy and buy there expensive tools from onychomycosis. This article will tell about the most effective drugs and methods of treatment of this fungal disease.

The basic rules of therapy

In order that the result pleased you as quickly as possible, treat only under supervision of a physician, following all of his recommendations. It is important in the process of therapy to observe the following rules and tips:

  • Be sure to conduct a thorough hygiene of the feet, using a special tool for this.
  • In order to prevent contamination of other people, you must wear closed-toe shoes.
  • Things patient with onychomycosis should be washed and stored separately from clothes of other family members.
  • After the treatment it is better to get rid of all shoes.
  • Diet (while limiting sweets and pastries made with white flour) will improve the results of treatment.

It is recommendations that should be followed to quickly and effectively get rid of the fungus of the big toe. Consider the basic and most effective methods of treatment.

Drug therapy

Before you can assign specific medications (for both external and internal treatment), the specialist should have an ultrasound, prescribe tests. It is very important to find out whether the pregnant woman. Because the use of any antifungal medications prohibited during the period of carrying a child.

fungus treatment

Surgery

If the disease is in advanced stage, may require surgical intervention. This is necessary if the plate is thickened and is beginning to grow into the skin. The surgeon carries out the removal of nail plate under local anesthesia. After surgery there comes a full recovery.

Innovative method

Methods for the treatment of onychomycosis are constantly improving. Currently recognized as the most effective laser treatment. It has been proven that the systematic heating of the infected nail plate contributes to the complete destruction of fungal microorganisms. While the surrounding nail tissue is not affected. This method is most effective if applied in an integrated receiving immunomodulatory drugs and remedies against fungus.

Fungal infection of the nail of the big toe it is possible to cure if time to go to the doctor and to use the most effective and innovative techniques.

06.09.2018