Each of us can catch a fungus. This is an infectious disease transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person and usually affects the nails and skin. If the nail plate has changed, it has started to collapse, it has changed color, it means that an infection has occurred and onychomycosis has developed. It affects 20% of the world's adult population.
Most people have no idea what onychomycosis is and how dangerous it is. Pathogenic microorganisms, penetrating the structure of the nail, modify it. In addition to an aesthetic problem, mushrooms are capable of poisoning the whole body with toxins. This leads to allergic reactions, decreased protective functions of the body and diseases of Organs internal organs.
Nail fungus can only be infected under favorable conditions. Normally, the skin has an acidic environment, which prevents the penetration of various infections. If your pH has for some reason changed to alkaline, the reproduction and growth of pathogenic organisms increases dramatically.
A humid environment also promotes infections. A person can be infected if personal hygiene is not observed or simple rules of behavior in public places. Dead scales on the patient's skin or nail are a source of infection.The causes of nail fungus can be as follows:
The infection occurs first in a small area of the nail, usually at the edge. Then, the inflammatory process increases and spreads to other areas or penetrates more deeply into the nail plate. The sooner nail fungus is found, the easier it will be to cure. Therefore, at the first sign, treatment should be started immediately.
Not only a specialist, but also the patient himself can determine onychomycosis in a person. The main signs of nail fungus are as follows:
It is important to identify the disease in time to prevent it from spreading to the skin of the feet and other parts of the toes. The doctor will be able to correctly assess the degree of fungal infection and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
There are 3 stages of the fungus:
Complications after stage 3 are characterized by the exfoliation of keratinocytes from the growth bed. This condition is accompanied by severe pain and an unpleasant odor. The nail fungus incubation period is 3 weeks, after which it is already possible to diagnose the disease and start antifungal therapy.
In onychomycosis, several types of fungi are diagnosed.
How to get rid of nail fungus quickly and permanently worries many patients. The treatment of onychomycosis in the early stages does not last long. It can be treated with topical antifungal agents. They spread deeply into the stratum corneum and inhibit the growth and reproduction of pathogenic fungi. This treatment will be effective if a small area of the nail plate is affected, no more than 1/3.
Nail fungus varnishes have positive healing properties. They have a liquid texture, are easy to apply and penetrate small cracks in the nail. When applied, the varnish is absorbed instantly and dries, forming a durable film. It prevents oxygen from entering the nail, interrupting the growth and reproduction of the fungus.
Must be applied once a day. It is problematic to remove varnish from the surface of the nail plate, which effectively affects the infection.
Antifungals, creams and ointments can also be used. They are more effective compared to varnishes and are used to detect stage 2 of the disease. Before applying the cream, it is necessary to remove the damaged surface of the nail plate.
Apply a cream or ointment twice a day and cover the affected area with a small amount. To obtain the maximum effect after applying the cream, it is necessary to seal the infected area with a plaster.
The methods of treating onychomycosis depend on the degree of neglect and the form identified. It occurs only under the supervision of a doctor, as all medications for yeast infections are highly toxic. The specialist examines the patient and takes a small piece of the nail for laboratory research to determine the type of fungus. In the event that the disease has captured the entire platinum of the nail and the fungus has progressed for more than a year, a complex treatment is prescribed, which includes the local and internal use of medicines.
Oral systemic antibiotics have been shown to be beneficial in the treatment of fungal infections. These drugs, in combination with ointments, deprive the fungus of the opportunity to grow deep in the nail and prevent the growth of colonies. This type of treatment is long lasting and lasts about a year.
Medicine does not stop, effective methods are constantly developed and implemented in the fight against fungal diseases. In 2010, new methods for the treatment of onychomycosis emerged. Photodynamic treatment of nail plates infected with a fungus and laser treatment on special "nail" lasers in combination with antimicrobial agents provide a positive tangible effect and reduce healing time.
The peculiarity of laser therapy is that the fungus is exposed to temperatures up to 70 degrees, in which the spores of the fungus die, and the very source of the disease's spread is the mycelium.
The laser treatment does not affect the healthy skin around the nail, it acts exclusively on fungal organisms that die over several sessions.
You can try to deal with the disease at home. Treatment should start with soap and soda baths, which soften the nail plate. It must be cleaned of the stratum corneum with a manicure file. This bath and cleaning must be carried out once a week, for 6 months. The affected area should be treated with tea tree oil. To enhance the therapeutic effect, the infected nail plate can be glued with adhesive tape, after placing a tampon soaked in equal proportions with lavender and tea oils.
Traditional methods of treating nail fungus are varied and most of the times have a positive and rapid result, as long as the disease is in its early stages.Among the most effective are:
The treatment of nail fungus is a long process. Regardless of the therapy you choose, you must be patient and regularly use the drugs prescribed by your doctor. Nor should preventive measures be taken to prevent infection again.
Only a doctor decides how to treat the nail fungus after a thorough examination of the patient and after the results of laboratory tests. To prevent reinfection by the fungus, it is necessary to use preventive drugs. Monitor the condition of nails and skin, if the first signs of the disease are detected, contact a specialist immediately.Remember that, in the early stages, the fungus heals quickly and effectively.