Methods to Treat Toenail Fungi

Toenail fungus is a common dermatological condition, diagnosed in nearly every five people. Ringworm of the feet (onychomycosis) is caused by damage to the nails or feet by a fungus - red trichofton. Molds and candida often join the tricophton colonies. The causes of the onset of the disease can be abrasions, wounds, cuts and calluses on the legs, irregular foot hygiene, use of antibiotics and other medications, excessive sweating on the feet, weak immunity and other factors.

The doctor performs a diagnostic examination of the toenails of the patient with onychomycosis

Externally, nail fungus manifests as discoloration and thickening of the nails, which can lead to their destruction or crumbling. Fungi are located between the base and the nail plate, which gives the nail plate a white, gray, yellow, brown, sometimes green or black tint.

The tactics and treatment regimen for nail fungus are determined by the individual physician, taking into account the location, distribution and severity of mycotic lesions, the duration of the disease, and the presence of concomitant diseases.

As a result of the growth and reproduction of pathogenic fungi, toxic substances accumulate in the human body. They are transported through the bloodstream, which causes a deterioration of metabolic processes and an increase in the body's susceptibility to the influence of external factors. A prolonged course of onychomycosis can lead to the development of allergic reactions, exacerbation of chronic pathologies, and a weakened immune system.

To avoid serious complications, when the first symptoms of nail fungus are detected, consult a doctor who will prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Nail Fungus Treatment Methods

To prescribe an effective therapeutic regimen, it is important to determine the cause of the ringworm and the type of fungus. For this, the physician collects clinical data during the consultation, prescribes a cultural and microscopic examination of the scraping of the affected nail. In some cases, a nail particle analysis and PCR diagnostics are prescribed.

On average, foot ringworm therapy lasts from 3 to 6 months. Taking into account the nature and spread of mycotic lesions, the severity of clinical manifestations, and the type of pathogen, foot fungus therapy may include foot hardware treatment, taking systemic medications, using local medications, and observing a range of Preventive measures.

Laser treatment of toenail fungus

Previously, the treatment of onychomycosis was carried out by radical methods: the affected nail was removed by an operative method, after which a long period of rehabilitation began. Thanks to the development of modern technologies, laser nail hardware processing is now used to treat mycotic lesions. Using laser beams, the doctor can remove only the affected areas of the nail without damaging healthy tissue. Compared to surgical removal, foot fungus laser therapy is characterized by minimal postoperative complications and a short recovery period.

Removal of the nail plate by the hardware method is prescribed when more than 40% of the surface is affected. The number of laser therapy sessions is determined by the individual physician.

After laser exposure, the nail plate, as it grows, must be treated with special local preparations. Immunomodulators and antibacterial agents may also be prescribed.

Preparations and Remedies for the Treatment of Toenail Fungus

The therapy of the initial stages of ringworm, when less than 40% of the nail plate is affected, is carried out with external medications (solutions, varnishes, ointments, gels, creams). To achieve the desired results, it is important to follow the prescribed regimen and dosage of medication.

The choice of an external agent for the treatment of leg mycosis is made taking into account the location of the fungal lesions and the type of skin. Dry skin is treated with high-fat preparations. Ointments are prescribed for the soles of the feet and suspensions for the spaces between the toes. In addition, ringworm of the feet is treated with special varnishes and creams. In order for the remedies to penetrate the nail better, the affected nail plate is removed (as indicated).

After 2 weeks of treatment, the external medication must be changed for another, as during this period the fungal infection became resistant to the medication used. For nail growth, the doctor prescribes special medications that should be used to treat the affected area for about a year. If the interdigital spaces or feet are damaged by ringworm, ointments are used for a month.

For successful results, local therapy is combined with systemic therapy. In this case, antimycotic and immunostimulant drugs are prescribed to the patient. The effectiveness of taking systemic medications will depend on adherence to the rules of the prescribed treatment regimen. The choice of medication and its dosage are determined by the physician individually.

Therapy with local drugs is prescribed only in the presence of restrictions on the intake of systemic drugs and in the early stages of mycotic lesions.

Prevention and recommendations after complex toenail fungus treatment

If the therapeutic action scheme was selected correctly, the mycosis does not return. Since the subsequent development of the disease is due to reinfection, the most effective treatment for toenail fungus is its prevention.

To avoid fungus reinfection and achieve maximum therapy results, the following recommendations should be followed:

  • Treat all places where fungi may remain with antibacterial medications;
  • Disinfect the bottom and walls of the bathtub with special means;
  • Change homemade slippers and treat sneakers, shoes, boots and other footwear with ultraviolet rays or a special agent;
  • Wash and iron bed linen, towels, tights and socks;
  • Disinfect manicure supplies;
  • Use toiletries in public places (gymnasium, swimming pool);
  • Regularly monitor the condition of your feet.

Self-medication of onychomycosis can cause adverse complications to occur, so if you see the first signs of nail fungus, see a competent specialist.